The Different Kinds of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can cause red, scaly patches on the skin and can be extremely uncomfortable and embarrassing for those who suffer from it. While there is no cure for psoriasis, there are treatments available to help manage symptoms.

It’s important to understand the different types of psoriasis so you can get an accurate diagnosis and receive appropriate treatment. In this article, we will discuss the various forms of psoriasis and provide tips for managing each type. By understanding more about these different kinds of psoriasis, you’ll be better equipped to take control of your symptoms and live life to its fullest.

Plaque Psoriasis

Plaque psoriasis, also known as psoriasis vulgaris, reigns as the most prevalent type of psoriasis. A staggering 80% to 90% of individuals with psoriasis can be diagnosed with this skin condition. Its distinct features include thick red or tinged with purple patches of skin, with the presence of silvery-white or gray scales. Patches commonly manifest on the elbows, knees, lower back, or scalp. These typically measure between 1 to 10 centimeters in width, although they can extend to a larger area. It is advisable not to scratch the scales as the symptoms can intensify.

Guttate Psoriasis

Guttate psoriasis is a skin condition that manifests as small red or violet/brown spots. It is prevalent in around 8% of individuals with psoriasis and is the second most common type. Typically, it develops during childhood or early adulthood. The spots are drop-shaped and separate, usually appearing on the limbs and torso. However, they can also appear on the scalp and face. Although the spots are usually thin, they may thicken and result in plaque psoriasis condition over time.

Flexural or Inverse Psoriasis

Flexural or inverse psoriasis typically appears in skin folds like under the breasts, armpits, or groin area. It is characterized by red or purple, shiny, and smooth patches on the skin. The affected areas do not shed skin scales due to the sweat and moisture in skin folds. As a result, it is often wrongly diagnosed as a fungal or bacterial infection. The skin-on-skin contact can cause significant discomfort for individuals with this type of psoriasis. Most people with inverse psoriasis also suffer from other forms of psoriasis on different parts of their body.

Pustular Psoriasis

Pustular psoriasis can pose a significant threat to one’s health. This variant of psoriasis often manifests rapidly, presenting as numerous white pustules encircled by red or darkened skin. Pustular psoriasis can target specific regions of the body, such as the hands and feet, or blanket the entirety of the skin. Additionally, these pustules have the ability to coalesce, leading to the formation of scaling.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

Erythrodermic psoriasis, also known as exfoliative psoriasis, is an uncommon variation of psoriasis that causes a vivid red or deep purple appearance and skin shedding, particularly in individuals with darker skin tones. This condition is extremely severe and demands immediate medical attention. Hospitalization may be necessary since the body may not be able to regulate temperature adequately.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a debilitating autoimmune disease that afflicts around one-third of individuals with psoriasis. Characterized by five distinct types, the condition brings about varying symptoms and currently has no cure. Typically, skin symptoms arise before joint symptoms, and the condition may affect numerous joints and even impact the nails.

Nail Psoriasis

Nail psoriasis, though not an official subtype of psoriasis, is a distinctive expression of the condition. It can be easily mistaken for nail-related infections, such as fungal infections.

Scalp Psoriasis

Scalp psoriasis frequently occurs in individuals with plaque psoriasis and may result in severe dandruff or uncomfortable, itchy patches at the hairline. It can also spread to the neck, face, and ears as one large or multiple smaller patches. Proper hair hygiene can become more complicated due to the condition, and excessive scratching may lead to hair loss and scalp infections.

For those who suffer from psoriasis, it can lead to a variety of challenges. At Summers Laboratories, we make it our mission to help psoriasis sufferers live fulfilling lives. Our psoriasis products can help you manage your symptoms and lead to a happier and healthier life. Shop our collection of psoriasis products today to start your journey toward a better life today!


  • Michael Reed

    Michael Reed is a medical writer at Sumlab, focusing on dermatological studies and treatments. His articles help demystify complex clinical results for a broad audience.

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